Eating Insects Is Healthy
Not so many people think of eating insects if they do not live in Asian countries where this practice is quite common. However, it is surprising that we do not eat insects in Western culture. According to a new Rutgers study, our early ancestors did not disdain to eat insects and we still can eat and digest bugs. This idea may seem disgusting, but insects are really nutritious.
The results of the study showed that primates, including humans, can produce an enzyme that could break down the exoskeletons of insects. This was sensational news because before it was believed that it is impossible for humans to produce this enzyme and consequently, to digest insects.
The author of the study Mareike Janiak and his colleagues found out that all living primates still have working CHIA gene which is responsible for the production of this enzyme.
However, despite this promising result of the study, we still do not know for sure how effectively humans can digest the exoskeletons of insects. More studies are needed studies to answer this question.
Human gastric juice can degrade chitin. Actually, we do not even have to have this enzyme. It is enough to cook an insect and then we can easily chew and digest it.
During the United Nations Conference in 2013, it was announced about the possibility of using edible insects because by 2050 the population will be 9 billions of people. Feeding such a huge planet will be a great challenge, so edible insects seem to be a good solution to potential global food shortage. Today, insects are part of an everyday diet for about 2 billion people. These people eat insects for various reasons but they all do a reasonable thing because insects are beneficial for health, nutritional and can be a good source of protein, good fats, fiber, vitamins, and minerals.