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What is impotence or erectile dysfunction?

Men's health

What is impotence or erectile dysfunction?

Ava Morris July 27, 2018

Impotence is the lack of ability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis during sexual activity. This condition is abnormal at any age and should be regarded separately from other sexual problems such as loss of libido, ejaculation and orgasm problems.

How common is erectile dysfunction?

According to National Institutes of Health about 5% of forty years old and 15-25% of sixty year old men suffer erectile dysfunction.

It is much more common when men can not have erection during a certain period in their life. It can happen for different reasons from alcohol abuse to fatigue.

In twenty cases out of one hundred, inability to have erection is not something extraordinary and typically does not require any treatment. However, in fifty cases out of one hundred, it is a sign of a problem requiring treatment.

What causes erectile dysfunction?

Three conditions must be met to have erection: nerve endings leading to penis should function properly; penis should receive adequate blood supply; brain should send a certain signal. Violation of any of these rules can lead to inability to develop erection.

The most common causes of erectile dysfunction are circulatory system diseases such as atherosclerosis (plaques in arteries); nervous system diseases; psychological factors such as stress, depression and fear of failing; penis injury. Chronic diseases, some medications and Peyronie’s disease (growth of fibrous plaques in the soft tissue of the penis) can also cause impotence.

Is it possible to prevent erectile dysfunction?

People risk to develop erectile dysfunction due to their own actions, for example, because of alcohol abuse. Naturally, men can take responsibility to prevent this unpleasant condition. However, erectile dysfunction causes by other factors can not be prevented.

What specialists manage erectile dysfunction?

It depends on the cause of the problem. Based on your family health history and your current health, a medical specialist can recommend medication treatment, for example, Viagra or similar drugs. If this therapy will not give any results, then you can be referred to urologist or psychologist.

What should I do if I have problems with erection developing\maintaining?

If you suspect erectile dysfunction, consult a medical specialist. They will study the results of your lab tests to find the cause of the problem and, if necessary, refer you to some other specialist. Knowing the cause of the disease, a proper therapy can be recommended.

What are therapy options to treat erectile dysfunction?

There are many different treatment options for erectile dysfunction including medication therapy, sex therapy, penile injections, penile suppositories, vacuum pumps and surgery. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages. Consult your doctor to chose the optimal therapy.

What health insurance cover erectile dysfunction?

Health insurance plan may cover erectile dysfunction treatment but it depends on the therapy. If there is a documented medical condition requiring erectile dysfunction treatment, then insurance typically cover the costs, at least, partially. However, sex therapy and costs for medical treatment have not been approved by FDA and are not covered by any health insurance. Consult your health insurance agent to find out the details.